Knee arthritis is an inflammation and usually degeneration of the cartilage within the knee joint. There are different types of arthritis conditions that can occur. The most common form is referred to as osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis affects over 20 million people. It is essentially a wear and tear situation in which the joint cartilage is wearing down. We refer to the most advanced form of this as ‘bone on bone’ when the cartilage has worn all the way down to bone. Exercise is the most important part of treatment for osteoarthritis. It helps maintain the strength and flexibility of the joints. Exercise can help decrease a person’s overall body weight and therefore decreases the stress on the joints, especially in the lower extremities including the hip, knee and ankle. In addition, exercise adds to bone health. Regular exercise has been shown to elevate our mood. It is always important to make sure that you are healthy enough for exercise. If there is a question, please consult with your primary care physician regarding this. In general, lower weight and higher repetition exercises including walking, biking and swimming as well as low weight, low stress aerobic type exercises and low weight lifting exercises, offer the best compromise for arthritic joints. Studies have shown that, although exercise may be uncomfortable during the exercise routine, over a long time it can help decrease the overall discomfort associated with arthritis. It is important to choose an exercise routine that is comfortable to you. You must have a routine that you can stick with for the long term and thus it must be one you enjoy. There are a number of programs that you can find and sometimes a trainer at your gym can help with this. Also, Dr. Vizzi and his staff have a number of programs that can be helpful for the arthritic joints and his office would be happy to evaluate you and assist you with these programs. Please feel free to call the office and schedule your appointment.